Why is My Dog Like This? - Past Causes, Present Strategies & Future Goals for Your Dog’s Behavior
Most of us will never know the backstory of the dogs we bring home. Issues like fear, anxiety, high arousal, and aggression can be products of genetics, prenatal conditions, early socialization or isolation, stress and trauma, experience and learning. We can't turn back the clock and redo what came before. But there's plenty that we can do to help our dogs cope and thrive.
Karen Baragona, CPDT-KA